Communicable diseases are diseases which can be transferred or spread from one person to another. This is not only for human but also for animals. It is either from person to person or from animal to a person. The communicable disease is transferred through bacteria and viruses which live in body fluids and blood. The words contagious and infectious diseases are also describe the communicable diseases. There are a lot of communicable diseases that can affect every individual.
What are the different communicable diseases?
The following are some of communicable diseases:
This hepatitis is a common communicable disease that causes liver cancer. It is easy to transfer the virus of it from person to person. This caused by eating contaminated foods or drinking water which is contaminated already by the virus. The used of contaminated equipment is also another cause of hepatitis.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)/(AIDS) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
This can be transmitted from one person to another through body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluids, and semen and breast milk. The person with HIV can transmit the virus through unprotected sex. This can also be shared through bodily fluids in injectable equipment like in hospital and tattoo injection.
The influenza is a communicable disease that is a highly contagious viral infection. This is very common when the rainy or cold season come. This is a mild disease like cold.
Some types of Flu:
- Swine Flu
- Avian Flu
- Flu Pandemics
Malaria is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes. There are millions of cases of it every year around the world. Measles are also called rubella is also a communicable disease that caused by viruses. The symptoms include fever that can get worse in coming days together with cough, cold, watery eyes and runny nose. There are also severe cases of measles that lead to various illnesses. It is transmitted from person to person through the virus in the air from the person who has coughs, and can be also spread by sharing foods and drinks. The best protection from the measles is the immunization. There is lots of health centers that offer free immunization through vaccines to prevent measles.
This communicable disease is caused by the germs and bacteria. The TB spreads through sharing of foods and drinks. It also spreads through the air you breathe. If the person has TB and coughs, the virus will spread in the air that can be breathe the big possibility that you will get the virus and have also the TB. The TB is a serious disease that attacks the lungs and cause of lung cancer. It can be cure but it depends on how serious the TB is. It should be prevented from getting serious, so it should require treatment instantly.
This communicable disease came from the wild animals usually dogs. This is severe infection that affects the nervous system of a person. The rabies transmitted through contact of the saliva from infected animals such as dogs and cats. This is can prevent if the animals are vaccinated of anti-rabies.